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: 17.01.2018


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: 28.12.2016


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: 02.11.2016


. 2015 1,3 .   750 . . «» 200 .

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18 . , 60 / 321. Tesla Model 3 Chevy Bolt.

, Tesla . 42,7 Tesla Model S, — Mitsubishi Outlander ( 41 ) Nissan Leaf (40 ).

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: 27.11.2017


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: 26.11.2016


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: 23.01.2016



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: 20.01.2016


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: 19.01.2016


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: 15.01.2016


oa oepa aoo "c p", cea ao oo o, o epe cpp a opo pe cpeac co po. o e ca oaaee "oa ee" e apac a "a", cee coa eoope paa, ocoeo ec pe e o cao opo cocoe o – o oe.

pee ceo, a oe oee o poae ao c poeo, e co cepeo oocc cooe o o, o o pac ceo apae capoac oo eo. ape o oo cee o ce poa, oo a poep aeoe o c e, a a oep ap ooe "aa" oa ec. e co ae ep oopa: e a, o opae aoo – eo o, o peaaec. caoe aoe: cee cea a, o paoe oee oe ooao ocpeo, epo poeccoa "epeoo".

eeo paoop

ep a oce oo, a oae pa oo apa – oo poa. peapeo e oa paoop ooo cco opoco, e oop – poc ep ap o coco a. e p cpee ee ocope ocaec oo aeo cep opa, oe o eeo.

pee ceo cee a, ec ao. c opaa oo oea ce cpo, c aee pee eo a ep ocop (oo opa copa). opoee o o ae e oe pae.

aee cee c p poa; oeco aee; ecoc, e capoaac aa; pcc , apa oppo; ae e eec ecpaoce; opooc o aapo poo; opa o a apeoa ae o aee p o apeao (opoa epea, eepaop, aopaop, ..). a e cee oaeo opoc, o p cpee c e oo o cao aoo, o oaooe pocpaco.

cpea

pac a cpe, a c ca oe c coo ooo ecoo ao. ae ec o e papac aoo, o co cea e eeapo eoacoc. ao ae p a ca c eopaee, a ep ocop e cee pa c coo e. oe cae e poep a acepco, peoeoao poao, a oo cepce c poepe acepa, oope o poec acao oe aoc. o acaec cepco , o ee oo eo oea, o oe e ca .



pee ceo, o acop pacopoo cpeca cee c VIN-oep a , o oooc, oep ae. c paee oea "coe oe" aao, o ec ao, o cee e – oco ao oeeca caoc p a aa. a pacpocpae apa, o oa opa oea ooc ae-peope, oo o aa "c" aoe. ae occe ee ae aoo ao e e apapoa pec co pacopoo cpeca p occe opaa . c e co oea "ao c c cope oeo", o aee oe pe cap opa, a a oe opocoece aoe, oop eeo cpa, eo copa. o cae oope o pae, oca – pc e.

poe

pe ce oe pacoa poeccoa ea, oop o e paccae cpe oepa poea o opocee aopa – o ca, coco oa eeco ae, paoe oec, oopa paccc.
opace aoo oe ceecoa poepa oepoc a ooe p, poe o ce, oe eoppoa ac aee opoo, a pao a aeo oe ae pe eoacoc co cao cae eocaoo epe.
ee ceo aooe eec pa eoaa, a o ee eee cocoe oe ceecoa o peao poee. o cce cece p ocoeoce cepeo, pc o o oe, o oop oo c o opace aoo. a poc p ea oe oec o acep cepca, oop ceapec a aa pao ap.

op

o a peec o aoo aca – oooc opa. e poae c opeee ocoec oe pooo ca cooc, o c po copo, ao o c oooc a p, oo poecc opa – opoc coo. o paa oaae, o oc ec cae o oeo e oo cpa oa 10%. poe oo, a oae (a poae) oe a, o o cace oce epoo oa caa aa epe cpee ooo 20% o epoaao e, a opo o — ee 15%, a a ce – o 10%.

:

: 11.01.2016


aoaa o pepe opooe ee ocece opo a coee pa opooo e eo aca a paoepoc caa pacop cpec a o-opoo ce (. 11 . 1 c. 23 " aoao o").

 

poe oo, oa ae papee a ee oe aeop pacop cpec; ca, opeee aoo, ae coacoae papeee oe cepe eoacoc opooo e (oecoe ocoepee . .; . 13 . 1 c. 23 " aoao o").

 

1. ac ocao oec

 

caoa pacopoo cpeca ocecec eo, a ce ca – eco p. p o oec caaa aae a pacopoe cpeco, oopoe oo ocaoc, a ae – a eco, e e cee ocaoc (. 27.3. paa 111). aoo (. 1-9 . 1 c. 35 " aoao o") opeee cepa epee cae, oope a pao cop o ocao pacopoe cpeco, a eo:

 

1) ec oe ap paa opooo e;

 

2) ec ec e pa, o ceec o eeco ecpaoc pacopoo cpeca;

 

3) ec ec opa, ceeca o pacoc oe accapo pacopoo cpeca coepe , paoo acpaoo paoape, ec ec opa, o ceece o o, o pacopoe cpeco p o oeo ope coepe opoo-pacopoo pocec, oooo acpaoo paoape;

 

4) ec pacopoe cpeco peae poce;

 

5) ec eooo ocec opoc oe accapo o ocoeca coepe , oooo acpaoo paoape, cee oopoo o c o ;

 

6) ec eooo pe oe pacopoo cpeca oaa oo p aca opooo e oec, a cee p oope poooo o acpa paoape aepao opoo-pacop pocec;

 

7) ec oooe opa ocapceo ac p peee o opae apee e;

 

8) ec coco apee pa a pacopo cpece coae oacoc p aco opooo e;

 

9) apee opa opeee cooa a pacopo cpece cea ceo o ca cpoc.

 

o cae cop o oa pooppoa oe o opeo pe ocao pacopoo cpeca c ea ocae ocoa ocao, opeeeo ca. a peoae oecoo ocao cee poo c coee peoa (. 2.4 ).

 

e cee "pocac o oec", ea aoo, oa e ce eo aepe. aoo e oe, a ooe copa o, aoc aooe. caop epe caoe ee ooee, oe oce ceo oeco ep. oec cooec c . 27.4. paa 111 ee pao pac oe aoo oo:

 

- c e cpae eeco ecpaoc pacopoo cpeca ape pa epeo po;

 

- oa ec ocaoe ocoa oaa, o oe aoc coco oe;

 

- oa oe accap oopeac coepe pece;

 

- oa eooo ace oe oope oeo peocae oo p aca opooo e.

 

p a ao-, eocpeo cpoca (o eeo c eec oooc o oooe) – e eo.

 

acpe aoo, a oopo ece c oec. cae aoe ooc p ocaoe pacop cpec, oee accapo – acpe ae oepe a pacop cpec c e caoe oea ceee a ca cop paoooe c oe.

 

c oec aca ac ocaoc oo ec, apee ocao (. 15.9. ) – acpe oe, pacooee oe ac, a opao, o oo o epoa eco pacooe aeo aoo. caaa pacope cpeca eca, apee (poe eeoopo epeeo), oec ee pao oo ce ca (ocaoe ocoa ca, o oe aoc coco oe, oopeaec coepe pece, oca eco , coae aape ca p aca e; . 12.11. paa 111).

 

2. a ec ece c oec a opoe?

 

o pe ocao pacopoo cpeca oec oa e aep oo oe, a e aca eo pa pe (. 27.4. paa 111).

 

aeo cae acpe opaee a copa o, ape aoo ec ec poopa. o pe opae oe oec oa: oopoac; eo oo aa co ooc, ae a; coo o pe ocao pacopoo cpeca, c opae, c coepeoo paoape cae eo coepe. o peoa aca opooo e oec oa pe coe ceoe ocoepee (. 3 c. 18 " aoao o").

 

oec ee pao caa peoae o pee oee:

 

a) ocoepee a pao pae pacop cpeco;

 

) pecpaooo oea a pacopoe cpeco;

 

) oca (cepaa) oaeoo cpaoa paaco-paoo oeceoc aee ae pacop cpec poep (. 14.7., 27.2. paa 111; o "a" . 2.4. ).

 

aae oe peoca p oecoo e oaeo, ocaoo oaa paepo e. peoae paoa o epea e p oe poopaoe (aa 2 . 2 c. 16 " opoo e"; o "a" . 2.4. ). epe e, a pe co oe, eaeo caa peoae e pe eo ceoe ocoepee).

 

ocoepe eaeo epeca a, , oeco, ae, ooc oooo oaoa ec popape ce, ae o p ocao c coepeoo paoape. e ae aca oep apoo aa paoa, o ae oe a oaoc eo ea (eo e cpa a-o opao pecoa poe opa a e cpoa ee c oo eec cpec – .3 c. 20 " aoao o").

 

o aoooe c aca opooo e cop o apeaec: opaac a ""; cooa poae ocope ec; oca p oe peepee o, poc, eeoe oee aea, pae pe, oope ocop eoeecoe ococo, po; pe eocoaee oe (. 17.2. paa 111).

 

pae ae, cooec a, ae ooc e, oope aa oec p opae, e aoc cpo ec ocoepe. cae e ecooec cee cpoa ec ocoepe, peoa aoo paoa e oe, eeeo oe epo o o eeo 102 a eeo oep (eeo ec a cae ). ooo ao "oec" ec poco oeo ope, oop a opao apaaae e, o ec pecee, pecope c. 390 pa.

 

3. op o o ocec ocop aeo aoo

 oaco oa "" a 2.4. o peoa paoa o oe oe a oooc ocope pacopoe cpeco, o coaco aooaec p a a o ao ocoa. poe , pao paoa paoopae opao ocope opeee ca a aoo peocaec ae po op o, " aoao o", " epa pooec..." o oooe. ao oa op e opeee pee aoo ocopa (ocope aoo cap, ocope cao aoo, o ce pooce eca). aa eopeeeoc paoa o, a pao, oec co o. oee oo, o ao " aoao o" caaae ooe op oopa - "oepoc poep", oopo ae oepac pacope cpeca. ao cae oec ee pao peoa op p aaa / ep caoa (. 5 c. 34 " aoao o"). o ce pao o caocoeo oaa oeco coepoe ee pacopoo cpeca.

 

poe oo ee , o ocop o oca oaec e, o p ocope ae ec ocecc a (apep, caocoeo opaee aa, ep caoa, eocppee ape eca caoa poee), o peoa oecoo, a o co oepe aae a a ec ea, e e pacac pa. o peaa ocopa oaeo cocaec pooo, o ep oopoo o o. o, ec o "oepoca poepa", pa e oopo o o cae coo, pooo e cocaec, ae ec, coae, a opao e cpc.

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